Adults intimidating children
Psychological abuse is often not recognized by survivors of domestic violence as abuse.
A study of college students by Goldsmith and Freyd report that many who have experienced emotional abuse do not characterize the mistreatment as abusive.
Straus and Field report that psychological aggression is a pervasive trait of American families: "verbal attacks on children, like physical attacks, are so prevalent as to be just about universal." Choi and Mayer performed a study on elder abuse (causing harm or distress to an older person), with results showing that 10.5% of the participants were victims of "emotional/psychological abuse," which was most often perpetrated by a son or other relative of the victim.
Of 1288 cases in 2002–2004, 1201 individuals, 42 couples, and 45 groups were found to have been abused. Psychological abuse (59%) and material/financial (42%) were the most frequently identified types of abuse.
Blaming, shaming, and name calling are a few identifiers of verbal abuse which can affect a victim emotionally.
They may emotionally abuse their children because the parents or caregivers were emotionally abused during their own childhood.Psychological abuse (also referred to as psychological violence, emotional abuse, or mental abuse) is a form of abuse, characterized by a person subjecting, or exposing, another person to behavior that may result in psychological trauma, including anxiety, chronic depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder.there are "no consensus views about the definition of emotional abuse." As such, clinicians and researchers have offered sometimes divergent definitions of emotional abuse.the denial that previous abusive incidents occurred).Modern technology has led to new forms of abuse, by text messaging and online cyber-bullying.
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Long-term emotional abuse has long term debilitating effects on a person's sense of self and integrity.